Automated External Defibrillators (AEDs)
Each year, more than 45,000 Canadians suffer from a sudden cardiac arrest (SCA). Cardiac arrest occurs when an individual’s heart stops beating. The person loses consciousness and blood flow to the brain and vital organs is cut off. If the heart is not restarted within a few minutes, brain damage and death occur. Of those SCA that happen out of hospital, less than 5% survive due to delays in recognizing the cardiac emergency and access to appropriate care.
Research has demonstrated that early defibrillation is a vital step in reducing premature death from sudden cardiac arrest in Canada. The use of an AED with CPR within the first three minutes of a cardiac arrest can increase an individual's chance of survival by up to 75%.* The survival rate from sudden cardiac arrest without CPR is zero. For every one minute delay in defibrillation, the survival rate of a cardiac arrest victim decreases by 7-10%.
In keeping with the laws of the province, the Heart and Stroke Foundation in Manitoba has taken a leadership role in developing guidelines to implement AED programs in your community. The province of Manitoba does not consider the use of an AED as a medical act. A Medical Director is not required to purchase or use an AED.
AEDs are most useful if placed in locations that there are large groups of people or where EMS may take a long time to reach. Some sites suggested are:
To see if your facility is designated in the legislation as requiring an AED, click here to view the provincial regulations.
The purpose of an AED program is to have quick access to provide care within minutes for a victim in cardiac arrest. AEDs are part of the Chain of Survival, and is included in CPR training.
In order to implement an AED Program, some planning is needed and decisions to be made:
For more information on implementing an AED program in Manitoba, download the Community AED Toolkit (2MB PDF).
Once all these questions are addressed, you are ready to implement your AED Program. You will want to check with AED companies as each offers different units and most offer many of the services needed to put an AED program in place.
Some companies are listed here. This is not a complete list. The Heart and Stroke Foundation in Manitoba does not endorse any one product.
Once you have an AED in place, it is vital that you register it with the Heart and Stroke Foundation's AED Registry. This helps emergency responders know the location of your AED and enables them to assist 9-1-1 callers to locate the devices when needed during an emergency. Registering your AED can mean the difference between life and death.
Please note: Current legislation requires new AED installations to be registered within 30 days and any changes to current registrations reported within 15 days.
HSF in Manitoba AED Donation Waiting List
When an individual/family or an organization wishes to donate an AED within Manitoba, this is the list that is referred to for placement opportunities. If your facility is in need of an AED (or additional AEDs) but you do not necessarily have the resources available to obtain one, you can request to be added to this list. Please note that your facility may be on the list for months or years before a donation becomes available, if at all. Your facility will never be removed from the list until you receive a donated unit or you advise us that you have purchased one or received one through a different donation source. To be added to the AED Donation Waiting List, please print, complete and return the AED Placement Review Form to the Heart and Stroke Foundation in Manitoba.
Further information on AEDs:
*Weisfeldt M, et al. Survival after application of AED’s before arrival of the emergency medical system. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 2010, 55, 1713-20.
Reviewed January, 2014